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The most common dental problems and their solutions


The most common dental problems and their solutions

The health of your teeth is an essential aspect of your overall well-being. Though, people suffer from dental complications, which are painful and can negatively impact on their healthy lives. Recognizing these problems and knowing how to solve them will help you maintain a healthy mouth. We will discover the most common dental issues and provide keys in this article.


Tooth decay, also known as cavities, plaque, a sticky film of bacteria on teeth, which produces acids that remove the enamel from teeth. This removal can result in holes in the teeth, sensitivity, and pain. To avoid this issue and prevent cavities, it is vital to practice regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing to get rid of plaque between teeth. If someone has cavities, there are many solutions like fillings, crowns for spoiled teeth protection, and finally root canals when decay touches the pulp.

Periodontal disease 

It is also known as gum disease, begins with red, swollen and bleeding gums. Periodontal disease has numerous stages from slight inflammation to intense infection. Avoiding treatment can lead into periodontitis, which could result in tooth loss and harm to the bone. To avoid gum disease, it is crucial to brush and floss on a daily basis, and also visit your dentist for proper treatment.  The treatment may include scaling and root planing to eradicate plaque and tartar underneath the gum line.  Dentists may suggest antibiotics to control infection and for critical patients, surgery may be required to restore supportive tissues.

Teeth Sensitivity

When enamel on teeth erodes, the primary dentin becomes vulnerable, causing tooth sensitivity. If a person consumes hot, cold, sweet, food or drinks that contain acids, may experience severe pain. Tooth enamel can be strengthened by using a fluoride and desensitizer to decrease pain. Use toothpaste that is specially designed for sensitive teeth to overcome the issue. While eating or drinking, use a straw to minimize contact with your teeth.

Breathing issue

Insufficient oral hygiene, specific foods, smoking, and medical conditions can be reasons for bad breath, or halitosis. To overcome bad breath problems, you must brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily and use an antibacterial mouthwash. It can also support more saliva production, which cleans the mouth. Chewing sugar-free gum is another option to control this issue.

Toothache’s common problem

Cavities, infections, injuries, and gum illness can be sources of toothaches. If you feel pain, swelling or sensitivity to hot or cold, gargles with Luke warm salty water or take some pain relievers. Depending on the core issue, a dentist may suggest fillings, root canals, or tooth extractions to treat the toothache.

Cracked or broken teeth

Teeth can be broken by injury, grinding or biting hard foods. If you grind your teeth during sleep or bite hard foods like ice or popcorn kernels, you can wear a mouth guard and shield your teeth by wearing a mouth guard. Depending on the severity of the damage, a dentist can overhaul cracked or broken teeth by using bonding, crowns, or veneers.

Teeth with impacted roots

When teeth, typically wisdom teeth, can’t appear completely from the gums due to a lack of space in the jaw, they are called impacted teeth. An impacted tooth can cause pain, swelling, and infection in teeth. Consistent dental check-ups can be used to monitor the growth of an impacted tooth. A dentist or oral surgeon can procedure to remove impacted teeth, to decrease further problems from occurring.

Discoloration of the teeth

Teeth become discolored by staining foods and drinks, improper oral hygiene, smoking or aging. To maintain a beautiful bright smile, evade tint-causing substances such as red wine, coffee, tea or tobacco etc. Certified whitening treatments and toothpaste can help eliminate tints. The best practice of Brushing and flossing routinely are important for preventing discolorations.

Mouth Cancer

Excessive alcohol and Smoking consumption are reasons to increase the risk of mouth cancer, which can grow on the tongue, cheeks, lips or throat. Regular dental check-ups can be effective to diagnose early indications of mouth cancer, such as discolorations, sores and lumps that don’t heal. Evading alcohol and tobacco usage can help decrease your risk. Oral cancer treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Feeling a dry mouth

Dry mouth also known as Xerostomia, may be activated by some specific medications, health issues, or dehydration. Patients have issued a thirsty sensation in the mouth, trouble swallowing and dry throat. It is advisable to steer clear of caffeine and tobacco to decrease dryness as they can make the illness. If indications persist, it is good to seek advice from a dentist for assessment and cure.

Sores in the mouth

Dental sores, as well as cold sores and canker, can be painful and impact to eat and talk. Canker sores are small, non-infectious cuts inside the mouth, whereas cold sores are a consequence of the herpes simplex virus and are visible outside of the mouth. To handle this issue, it is best to abstain from consuming peppery or acidic meals that may worsen them. If any unusually large sores persist, it is suggested to follow a dentist to prevent potential underlying illnesses.

Teeth that are misaligned

malaligned or crooked teeth can influence your speech, chewing and look. Orthodontic cures, containing braces or clear aligners, can solve this problem. Regular dental visits are essential to observe progress and the best outcome. Early intervention can save the patient from more acute issues later in life.


Bruxism is known as teeth grinding causes jaw pain, tooth damage and headaches. It usually occurs during sleep. Anxiety and stress are usual reasons for teeth grinding. Use a night mouth guard provided by your dentist to shelter your teeth. Patients can apply relaxation techniques, like meditation and exercise, to help minimize grinding.

Issues related to wisdom teeth

Wisdom teeth, the last molars to emerge, can cause difficulties due to lack of oral space in the jaw. This can lead to overcrowding, infection and pain. Regular dental check-ups can observe the growth of wisdom teeth. In some cases they cause problems, extraction is often recommended to avoid further complications, the problematic teeth are removed.


It Is important to stop and manage common dental issues, just keep enough oral hygiene and regular dental visits. Taking positive measures to make sure a healthy mouth is as simple as understanding these problems and their solutions. Consult a professional dentist for advice and treatment. Your smile can last a lifetime with appropriate care.


  1. Harvard Health Publishing
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  3. NHS UK

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